Obesity, according to the WHO's definition, entails the excessive accumulation of body fat, presenting a health hazard.

However, it transcends mere health risk, manifesting as a disease that detrimentally affects various organ systems and predisposes individuals to additional health complications. 

"Obesity is a disease. It is a disease of dysfunctional endocrine hormones: leptin, insulin, cortisol and sex hormones. Obesity leads to many other diseases due to its inflammatory burden. Understanding your genetic predisposition is important. We cannot change our genetics, but we can make lifestyle choices to help ensure that detrimental genetics do not express themselves”. ( J. Lee).

The primary contributors to the obesity issue encompass a triad of factors: sugar consumption, chronic stress, and imbalances in sex hormones. Sugar, known for its addictive nature, triggers insulin spikes, fostering insulin resistance and eventually leading to obesity.

Obesity is a multifaceted condition influenced by genetic, biochemical, hormonal, and environmental factors, as well as personal and societal behaviors. Understanding metabolic, biochemical, and genetic mechanisms is crucial for both prevention and treatment. This understanding is acquired through comprehensive testing rather than unfounded assumptions or guesswork. Solving the complexity of obesity requires a "test and not guess" approach to genetics and biochemistry.

By comprehending our genetic makeup, we empower ourselves to make informed decisions and confront genetic predispositions proactively. Taking charge of our health hinges on knowledge acquisition.

While genes play a role, environmental and lifestyle factors still account for a substantial 50 percent of obesity risk, emphasizing the importance of factors we can control.

Due to its individualized nature, obesity cannot be effectively addressed through simplistic BMI-based categorization but requires personalized approaches.

Given its status as a disease, effective treatment demands a commitment from healthcare providers to employ lifestyle modifications alongside appropriate medications to achieve remission and restore health.

Traditional approaches like diet and exercise, focused solely on calorie restriction and increased physical activity, often fall short. Instead, emphasis should be placed on consuming foods that do not elicit insulin spikes for weight management.

Sustainable dietary choices are pivotal for long-term success, necessitating a personalized approach that aligns with an individual's genetics, cultural background, and current lifestyle.

Maintaining a healthy weight requires ongoing dedication, regular follow-ups with healthcare providers, occasional use of anti-obesity medications during relapses, and monitoring of body composition and obesity markers in the blood.